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《Journal of Peking University(Philosophy and Social Sciences)》 2020-03
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Feminization of Precarious Employment and Gender Income Gap:1990-2015

Liu Aiyu;Department of Sociology, Peking University;  
In social science research in China, it is puzzling that the gender income gap is still expanding while women are making more achievements in education. Focusing on the difference in educational attainment, labor participation, precarious employment, and their interaction in the case of gender, this study tries to explain the trends of the expanding of gender income gap in the urban areas in China. Based on the data of the three Surveys of Women's Social Status(1990/2000/2010) by All-China Women's Federation, China Family Panel Studies(CFPS2014) and Chinese General Social Survey(CGSS2003/CGSS2015), and guided by the related theory of precarious employment, this study has found that men and women with similar education backgrounds do not have the same opportunity for both work and quality of labor participation in the labor market. Women with collegiate and higher level of education are more likely to break the constraints of family responsibility and the control of the logic of market efficiency, make higher labor participation, and secure more stable and guaranteed jobs. However, the employment situation is worse for women whose education level is lower than high school. Women have encountered much worse employment situation than men. Precarious employment and its interaction with education and gender will reduce the advantage of higher reward to women's education, and lead to the continuous widening of gender income gap. This paper calls for more efforts to improve the quality of education for women and more active policies to regulate labor markets and eliminate gender-based discrimination so as to further promote gender equality.
【Fund】: 國家自然科學基金—北京大學管理科學數據中心智庫課題“市場化轉型過程中的性別收入差距成因和對策研究”(項目編號:2017KEY07)階段性研究成果
【CateGory Index】: F249.2;F124.7;C913.68
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