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《Journal of Peking University(Philosophy and Social Sciences)》 2020-03
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ZhangZai’s Normative-Principle-Based Confucian Classics and the Scholastic Orthodoxy of the Study of the Guanzhong School of Thought

Zhu Hanmin;Yuelu Academy, Hunan University;  
Zhang Zai's(張載) special form of thought was centered around the exegesis of the Confucian classics, constituting his own school of thought within the broader scholarly landscape of Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty(宋學), which was constructed as a school of thought based on the Confucian classical canon and focused on the notion of the normative principle(義理). His study of Confucian classics based on the normative principle was divided into two parts. Its first part was about the construction of the way for inward cultivation as a sage with the aim of "engendering heavenly delight and contentment with one's destiny". This was a type of study based on the normative-principle which took the Book of Change(《周易》) and the Four Books(《四書》) as its central canonical works. Its second part was about the construction of the way for outward supremacy as a king with the aim of "ruling a country and protecting its people". This was a type of study regarding the ritual system and the principles underlying it, taking the Ritual of Zhou(《周禮》), Ceremony and Ritual《儀禮》and the Book of Rites(《禮記》) as its central canonical works. The term "study of the Guanzhong School of Thought"(關學) originally referred to the specific school of thought which was formed by Zhang Zai in the course of his scholarly activities and later outreached in the Guanzhong(關中) region of Shaanxi Province in the Northern Song Dynasty. This term was eventually extended in scope, however, to refer to the Confuian tradition in the Guanzhong region in a broader sense as it existed throughout the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The term "study of the Guanzhong School of Thought" from the two books entitled A Study on the Guanzhong School of Thought(《關學篇》) and A Further Study on the Guanzhong School of Thought(《關學續編》) was of extended meaning. Based on historical compilation science, the authors of the two books were intended to make a comprehensive historical-philological collation and record of the important documents and personages in the Guanzhong region.
【Fund】: 國家社科基金重大項目“宋學源流”(項目編號:19 ZDA028)
【CateGory Index】: B244.4
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